2016-2018. MYCOSYSTEMS-Evaluation of fungal diversity and its influence in generating forest ecosystem services. José Antonio Bonet (PI). MINECO

The main aim of this project is to determine the factors that affect fungal diversity in forest ecosystems, providing a scientific basis to develop tools oriented toward sustainable management in order to maximize the provision of ecosystem services associated to fungal diversity.

2016-2018. FUTURPIN - Adaptive framework for future management of genetic resources in Mediterranean pines (AGL2015-68274-C3). Jose Climent (INIA–CIFOR-Coordinator), Rafael Zas (MBG-CSIC), Jordi Voltas (UdL-Agrotecnio). MINECO, Spain.

The aim of this Project is to improve our understanding of the capacity of Mediterranean pinewoods to adapt to global change and to design strategies of management of forest genetic recourses ensuring the persistence of pine forests and the maintenance of intraspecific genetic diversity. This project has a precedent, coordinated by the same teams. The present proposal broadens the range of species studied and proposes new experimental approaches to study the co(variation) and plasticity of life history traits, extends the concept of integrated phenotype to new functional characters, associated with ecosystem services, and further deepens in the direct repercussions of the possible adaptive syndromes on the recruitment and responses to selection that will influence the next generations.

2016-2017. Temporal and spatial dynamics of Mediterranean plant communities: How can we promote resistance and resilience to cope with global change disturbance? Josu G Alday (PI). Juan de la Cierva-incorporación (MINECO)

The aim of this research is to identify components of community resistance and resilience to perturbations (i.e. anthropic), using long-term Mediterranean community datasets, with the focus on designing new actions and provide solutions to enhance the ecosystem’s capacity to withstand global change.

2016-2017. MULTIFUNGTIONALITY-Fungal diversity, ecosystem services and forest management: unravelling the role and dynamics of fungal communities in multifunctional Mediterranean Forests. Sergio de Miguel (PI). European Union- Marie Skolodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships

This action aims at unravelling how fungal diversity is affected by environmental and anthropogenic drivers and, in turn, how fungal diversity affects the provision of multiple ecosystem services to be further integrated into multifunctional forest management.

2016-2019. POSTFIRE - Fire-induced tree mortality: underlying PrOcesseS and leaf-To-region consequences for the recovery and management oF MedIterranean foREsts. V. Resco de Dios (PI). MINECO.

This project will test the overarching hypothesis that the flammability of Mediterranean forests has increased as a consequence of climatic and land use changes, and that concomitant decreases in the hydraulic status of the vegetation significantly increase the vulnerability of Mediterranean forests to undergo deforestation after a fire. The project is timely because, under the novel climatic conditions of the 21st century, deforestation is expected to expand even into forest types that have so far shown resistance and resilience to fire. Anticipating the vulnerability of Mediterranean forests to fire-induced deforestation is essential to design appropriate anticipatory management actions.

2015-2018. BASIL: Landscape-scale biodiversity and the balancing of provisioning, regulating and supporting ecosystem services. Jasmin Joshi (University of Postdam-Coordinator), Jordi Voltas (Partner UdL-Agrotecnio). BiodivERsA/FACCE-JPI network.

BASIL aims at understanding the importance of diversity from the field to the agricultural landscape scale evaluating the mosaic of extensively and intensively managed sites and natural habitats for ecosystem services and a sustainable agriculture. The BASIL project is being developed in contact with networks of farmers who promote the use of different plant species and reduced soil tillage in order to 1) benefit from their field observations and 2) transfer to them our scientific knowledge.

2015-2017. INFORMED-Integrated research on Forest Resilience and Management in the Mediterranean F. Lefevre (PI), José Antonio Bonet (Researcher). European Union-VII Framework Programme, Collaborative Projects ERANET-FORESTERRA.

The objective of the project is to investigate management options to foster resilience of Mediterranean forests under different global change scenarios. The project will also assess the ecosystem services and their dynamics based on ecosystem functions and their economic evaluation defining policy and governance options for their expected impact on resilience

2013-2017. NWFPs - European non-wood forest products network (FP1203). Luis Fontes (Univ. Lisboa-Coordinator), José Antonio Bonet (WG leader: Mushroom & truffles). European Union: COST Action.

The aim of the Action is to build a multidisciplinary European-wide network of NWFP researchers and managers, who will review current knowledge, highlight existing innovation, share information, identify research topics, seek research synergies and generally increase European knowledge about Non-Wood Forest Products ecology, modelling, management and economics.

2013-2016. FENOPIN- Phenotypic integration, plasticity and evolutionary trade-offs among life history traits in Iberian pines: implications for managing genetic forest resources under new environmental scenarios. Funding: MCINN, Spanish Government. AGL 2012-40151-C03. PI: Rafael Zas (CSIC-MBG, coordinator and PI subproject 1), José Climent (INIA-CIFOR, coordinator and PI subproject 2), Jordi Voltas (Univ. Lleida, PI subproject 3).

The overall aim of this project is to evaluate the intraspecific genetic variation and phenotypic plasticity in three Mediterranean pine trees species (P. pinaster, P. sylvestris and P. halepensis) simultaneously in a large set of phenotypic traits related to growth, reproduction, resistance to herbivory and drought tolerance, and to explore the existence of tradeoffs among those traits. We also study the role of long distance gene flux for maintaining the observed genetic variation. We will get insight on the drivers conditioning the past evolution of Iberian pines which will be relevant for predicting their adaptive value in new scenarios.

2012-2016. STAR-TREE- Multipurpose trees and non-wood forest products a challenge and opportunity. José Antonio Bonet (Researcher-Coordinator Catalonian Case study). European Union-VII Framework Programme-Collaborative Project (KBBE.2012.1.2-06).

The main aim of the project is to show how Multi-Purpose Trees (MPT) and Non Wood Forest Products (NWFP) can be used to strengthen and diversify economic activities in rural areas by providing better understanding, knowledge, guidance and tools to support stakeholders in optimizing the management of MPT and developing innovative approaches for increasing the marketability and profitability of NWFP for a more competitive rural economy. StarTree relies on strong stakeholder engagement through case studies in 14 regions across Europe and in-depth case studies in 7 key areas, including Catalonia.

2013-2016. RESILFOR- Forest resilience in a changing context: the role of stand attributes, disturbance characteristics and management techniques. Funding: MCINN, Spanish Government. AGL 2012-40039-C02. PI: Lluis Coll (CTFC, coordinator and PI subproject 1), Jesús Pemán (Univ. Lleida, PI subproject 2).

The objectives of this project are: (1) characterizing the response mechanisms of forest ecosystems with diverse structures and compositions to different types of disturbances, (2) assessing the role of both land-use and ecological factors in the diversification of monospecific Pinus stands, (3) evaluating the use of enrichment plantations (using different deciduous species) in the understory of monospecific Pinus stands as a technique to increase the adaptive capacity of the system to changing conditions and (4) analyzing the functioning and dynamics of mixed stands composed by species with different response strategies in the face of disturbances (Pinus-Quercus systems) in the present climate-change context.

2012-2016. MEDfOR- Mediterranean Forestry and Natural Resources Management (520137-1-2011-1-PT-ERA MUNDUS-EMMC). Jose Borges (Project coordinator), José Antonio Bonet (UdL coordinator). European Union-EAECE-Erasmus Mundus Action 1ª-Joint Master Courses.

MEDfOR - Mediterranean Forestry and Natural Resources Management is a two-year Erasmus Mundus Master Course Programme that answers a call for a coordinated approach throughout the Mediterranean basin to develop reliable information and tools - based on sound science and a multidisciplinary approach, in order to improve Mediterranean forestry and natural resources management and policy-making. The partners of the MEDFOR master are Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal - University of Padova, Italy - University of Lleida, Spain - University of Valladolid, Spain - Karadeniz Technical University, Turkey - University of Tuscia, Italy - Catholic University of Portugal, Portugal.